Like the Gotthard Base Tunnel, the Ceneri Base Tunnel also consists of two single-track tubes, spaced about 40 m apart and connected to each other every 325 m via cross passages. Due to its length, no track crossovers or multifunctional stations were needed.
To connect the Ceneri Base Tunnel to the existing railway line, various works are under construction at the Camorino hub. Among them, the four-track bridge above the A2 motorway and the two railway viaducts with the imposing V-pillars stand out. At the request of the Canton of Ticino, the Locarno-Lugano link is also under construction, which will also serve to decongest Ticino regional traffic and reduce the journey time between the two locations from the current 59 minutes to 31 minutes. As for the two main tubes, the tunnel infrastructure systems are being fitted out with mechanical, electrical and ventilation systems, without which the tunnel could not enter into service.
In order to optimise the number of spare parts and certification processes, wherever possible, the same components of the tunnel infrastructure systems used in the Gotthard Base Tunnel were used at the Ceneri Base Tunnel: especially the doors, the ventilation systems and the double floors of the cross passages.The same goes for the special doors of the technical niches (shelters) and, as was done in the Gotthard Tunnel, also at Ceneri the cable-carrying pipes for the high voltage line of the power supply of the traction current of the trains were built directly on the beams.
As regards the runways, the design and construction of the railway infrastructure and construction site logistics was entrusted to ATI (ARGE) Mons Ceneris, composed of Pizzarotti Suisse SA, Marti Tunnelbau AG and GCF SpA.In July, the construction of the railway infrastructure installations began, which called upon concrete mixers from Blend of Rodengo Saiano (BS) commissioned by Generale Construzioni Ferroviarie (GCF) of Rome to be used.
Railway Infrastructure Installations of the Ceneri Base Tunnel
A real “passing of the baton”, after the Condotte-Cossi Group had delivered the Ceneri Tunnel to the client, AlpTransit, in fact, a company 100% owned by Swiss Federal Railways.
After months of design, research and development of innovative solutions, construction site setting up, staff training, acquisition of specialist machinery and equipment, the second half has arrived for GCF, that of putting theory into practice, transforming strategies into action, and projects into actual works.
The Challenges of Ceneri
Almost 30 km of railway infrastructure on concrete, in addition to a dozen kilometres of “traditional” installations on ballast for service links and, also the open sections on the two viaducts and on the link connecting the tunnel to the Lugano-Locarno.The next 12 months of GCF at Ceneri are shaping up to be really intense.
The work process is set to face many complexities: the difficult tunnel logistics on a single track, the extremely limited space conditions, the extreme climatic conditions, with temperatures and humidity rates to be faced constantly and, certainly, the stringent criteria that laying a line destined for High Speed must absolutely respected, since the margins of tolerance are practically zero.
Engineering Solutions for Casting the Tunnel Reinforcement
The test was held on April 28, 2017 in the presence of AlpTransit’s top management and was successfully passed; Blend cement mixers started working inside the tunnel moved by a mobile portal crane developed by GCF. GCF (Generale Costruzioni Ferroviarie) specialises in the sector of railway infrastructures, electrification and signalling; with seven Italian offices and seven foreign branches, it employs over 700 people.
In the base tunnel of Monte Ceneri, where over 150 people will work on the construction site at peak times, on the basis of the project requirements, GCF has adopted a solution that includes the MX08 concrete mixer developed by Blend combined with a mobile portal crane for the positioning of the MX08 at the casting point. A series of advantages that speed up tunnel casting operations. Both engineering solutions (the mobile portal crane and the mixer) have been specifically designed for casting the reinforcement of the Monte Ceneri tunnel.
The GCF Hydraulic Mobile Portal Crane
The self-moving hydraulic mobile portal crane (driven by a Stage IV engine, Euro 6) is able to compensate, by means of a levelling system, the difference in height existing between the two railway platforms. The movement is guaranteed by 16 wheels that ensure correct distribution of the loads (given the huge static and dynamic loads involved when the Blend mixer is fully loaded with 7.5 m3 of concrete) and the movement can be controlled both through a lateral driving position part of the wagon itself and with a radio control; this is achieved with maximum safety thanks to a suitable number of cameras and compliance with all Swiss and international regulations required for tunnel work.
Blend MX08 Mixers
Blend supplied six MX08 agitator-mixers transported by flatbed trains from the concrete production plant to the casting front; the mixers are then taken by three mobile portal crane (each serving two MX08) and brought to the work site at the casting point where, with three swivelling chutes, they cast the concrete to create the slab supporting the track line which includes the prefabricated sleepers.